Prevent Tetanus Infection with Vaccination and Wound Care

Prevent Tetanus InfectionTetanus is a serious bacterial infection that occurs when a wound becomes contaminated with tetanus bacteria spores which are commonly found in dust, animal manure, contaminated soil, and throughout the environment. The tetanus bacteria enters the body through puncture wounds which can be caused by rusty nails, splinters, insect bites, burns, any skin break, and injection-drug sites. In fact, the symptoms can appear anytime from a few days to several weeks after the person has been infected by the tetanus bacteria. However, the average incubation period is seven to ten days. Symptoms include muscle rigidity, spasms, lock jaw, difficulty in talking, breathing and swallowing as well as stiffness or pain in the shoulders, back and neck.

Tetanus is a life-threatening disease, yet easily preventable with the help of vaccination. People who are not immunized against it are more likely to develop this infection. Therefore, it is crucial to visit a hospital if the wound is large, crushed, or heavily contaminated. A tetanus booster (toxoid) and tetanus antibodies are required occasionally for the wound that is assessed to be tetanus-prone. In fact, widespread immunization and careful wound care has substantially reduced the total number of tetanus cases reported each year in the United States.

The market for tetanus treatment is growing. According to a report published by Market Research Future (MRFR) the global tetanus treatment market is expected to grow significantly through 2022.

Good wound care also helps reduce risk if the wound is tetanus prone. The following types of wounds should be assessed:

  • Compound fractures
  • Deep penetrating wounds
  • Wounds containing foreign bodies
  • Wounds complicated by pyogenic infections
  • Wounds with extensive tissue damage
  • Any wound contaminated with soil, dust or horse manure
  • Re-implantation of avulsed tooth

These assessments should be documented to achieve timely care and appropriate treatment from healthcare providers. In addition to that, there are other things that must be documented. They include:

  • Immunization status of the patient (Vaccinated or Unvaccinated)
  • The need for administering TIG for prophylaxis

In fact, nurses in hospital settings assess the initial wound and document it using Woundcare EHR to help develop an effective treatment plan and avoid the risk of tetanus.